Tuesday, February 28, 2012

Whats The Meaning Of Common Computer Errors

Computer errors can pop up when least expected, they can cause the entire system to suddenly shut down, and they can inadvertently corrupt data to the point where it can't be deciphered. Although they can't always be avoided, it's important to remember that computer errors can be corrected. The key is to understand what computer errors are, understand what they mean when they show up, and understand how to minimize their occurrence in the first place. Basically, computer errors are the result of a number of things that may or may not have anything to do with the way the computer is used. They "operate" whenever there's a conflict among commands. Remember that computers essentially run off of a series of commands and it's usually a smooth process. But when one command conflicts with another command - or when one command asks for a process or information that isn't available, the computer returns results that aren't useable. That's an error. A prime example of this kind of error is when users attempt to use software that isn't applicable for their system. Almost all software accompanies a list of system requirements which dictates what a computer needs to have in order for the software to work properly. To minimize errors of this sort, always verify that your computer has the required components. A project management program that you're interested in may require a specific operating system, like Windows XP for example. And although this program may install just fine on a Windows 98 machine, it will generate a multitude of errors once its started. Insufficient memory will cause errors as well. That's why software programs include minimum memory requirements. A program that needs 14MB of memory will generate errors on a computer that only has 4MB of memory if it runs at all. The same goes for disk space, monitor color depth and resolution. In these situations, problems occur the moment that a piece of software attempts to access the things (hardware, memory, space, resolution, etc.) that it cannot find. Because some programs share common files, errors can also occur when these shared files are not up to date. For instance, let's say that Program A is already installed on a computer and it's working just fine. Then let's say that the user of that computer downloads and installs Program B. Program B uses a file that Program A installed much earlier, but when Program B is run, errors popup. Those errors are the result of Program B attempting to use an outdated (shared) file that was installed by Program A. In order to fix that problem, the user would have to download an updated version of the shared file (which to say the least - is not an easy thing to find or do). Sometimes, errors occur because a system doesn't have the required drivers or the drivers that are on the system are the incorrect version. Both errors in these cases can be resolved by updating the computer on a regular basis. Microsoft provides a section on its website that can automatically update a computer online and it does this at no cost in an effort to reduce errors like this. Always try to keep your computer updated so that should a program share a file, it will share a file that has been updated on hundreds of thousands of computers, like yours. This article doesn't even begin to cover the entire gamut of computer errors - but additional information regarding how to get help with a computer issue (including computer errors) can be found in our article titled, "Computer Help" no matter what the problem is.

The Game Machine Wii

What's Up With Wii? A Guide of What's Available for Nintendo's Wii System If you haven't heard of Nintendo's Wii system, we have just one question for you. Where have you been?! This hot new gaming system made its debut right at the time when Microsoft's new Xbox hit the market. But what makes this system so popular is that it's the first system that incorporates virtual reality in the living room. That, in addition to Nintendo's dedication to producing gaming material for that entire family as opposed to the complex games that we have on the market (for other systems) today. This article describes some of the accessories and games available that everyone can enjoy. The Wii System. Welcome back to family fun with this console. For only $249, the entire family can enjoy time's treasured games and physically interact with them using Nintendo's unique wrist-strapped controller. Anyone at any skill level can get in on the fun with this new machine and it comes with a free Wii Sports game cartridge. Wii Accessories. If you're still "old school" and you prefer to use the classic Nintendo style controller, no need to fret. They're still available and they cost no more than $19.99. But if you can't wait to try out the Wii Remote, get one or two or three at only $40 each. The Wii Nunchuck Controller will run you about $19.99, however both the Nunchuck and Remote controller will give you hours of fun as you swing your way through your favorite games. Of course, all that gaming could warrant the purchase of the Wii Air cooler ($14.99) or the Wii Charge Station ($29.99). And you certainly don't want to quit a game without saving your place! You can buy a 1GB SD Memory card ($39.99) or 2 GB SD memory card ($59.99) made by SanDisk, and pick up the fun where you left off at a later time. To make sure your Wii console fits snuggly into the back of your television, you can buy a pack of Wii Component cables for $29.99. Wii Games. Looking for games? We've separated this part of our guide into two sections: one for children and one for adults. Use caution when purchasing Wii games for players under 18 years of age. FOR CHILDREN: Excite Truck.................................................$49.99 Wario Ware: Smooth Moves........................$49.99 Super Paper Mario.......................................$19.99 Bionicle........................................................$49.99 Sonic and the Secret Rings.........................$49.99 Cooking Mama: Cook Off............................$49.99 Tiger Woods PGA Tour 07.......................... $49.99 NOTE: Bionicle may not look children friendly at first, but it really is a fun and innocent game that battles and controls a line of toy action figures. It's based on Lego's Bionicle universe. Cooking Mama is rather new to the Nintendo game suite and it challenges young players to prepare more than 300 real recipes from 10 different countries. FOR ADULTS: The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess......$49.99 Medal of Honor Vangaurd...........................$49.99 The Godfather: Blackhand Edition..............$49.99 COMING SOON: Mario Party 8 Legend of the Dragon Mortal Combat Armageddon Scarface: The World is Yours NOTE: Legend of the Dragon and Zelda is rated T for Teen. The Godfather, Scarface, and Mortal Combat is rated M for Mature. Both The Godfather and Scarface emulate scenes from their movies and the violence follows with them.. Mortal Combat was designed to appeal to an audience that's, "eager for violence."

Saturday, February 25, 2012

Next Generation TVs Oled

Short for organic light-emitting diode, a display device that sandwiches carbon-based films between two charged electrodes, one a metallic cathode and one a transparent anode, usually being glass. The organic films consist of a hole-injection layer, a hole-transport layer, an emissive layer and an electron-transport layer. When voltage is applied to the OLED cell, the injected positive and negative charges recombine in the emissive layer and create electro luminescent light. Unlike LCDs, which require backlighting, OLED displays are emissive devices - they emit light rather than modulate transmitted or reflected light. OLED technology was invented by Eastman Kodak in the early 1980s. It is beginning to replace LCD technology in handheld devices such as PDAs and cellular phones because the technology is brighter, thinner, faster and lighter than LCDs, use less power, offer higher contrast and are cheaper to manufacture. An important step in the evolutionary process began with the use of thin-film organic layers. The first EL thin-film device used a single organic layer sandwiched between two injecting electrodes. OLEDs are the latest and most promising buzzwords in display technology. To give you an idea of their potential, imagine a cardboard-thin TV screen. Now imagine that you can roll up your TV, put it away or carry it wherever you go. Automatically, you start appreciating why millions, if not billions, of dollars are being poured into OLED research every year.

Tuesday, February 21, 2012

A Little Guide For Digital Voice Recorders

Gone are the days when you used the audio tape to record the voice. The all new digital voice recorders have made all to forget the conventional tape and have offered us more features than we can use. So a tape is now obsolete and has been taken over by the digital voice recorders. This small gadget has been quite useful since its launch and a great boon for professionals as well. So if there is a need to record voice, a digital recorder is what you should look for. These new age voice recorders come as a handy solution for the busy business people who need to record notes, meetings, and ideas that can create a fuss if a tape would be used, instead of the voice recorder. A digital recorder is not all about recording voice, but it also has the capability to record and transfer information to your computer, making it easier to organize, edit and play back your voice files wherever you want. With the increasing popularity of the digital recorders, there are many leaders in the electronics industry like Sony, Panasonic, Samsung, LG that provide the best voice recorders with the digital technology. But while buying a digital voice recorder, there are a few aspects involved in the selection of the best that you need to understand beforehand. So lets understand what a digital voice recorder is all about. Look for the recording time. Many voice recorders boast of the recording time by claiming the higher side of it. The recording time depends on the quality of recording and the higher the audio quality the lower the recording time would be. So rather than looking for a recorder that claims 300 Hrs of recording, look for the real picture of the recording time it can give with the highest quality. Look for more storage options Apart from voice files many digital recorders can store files, documents and images. These are equipped with the USB mass support class that helps them to store these files. Now with the storage comes the organizer, which is also an important feature to look for. Be sure that the digital recorder will store voice files in a minimum of three separate folders. Look for voice recording features The best of the voice recorders also exhibit many ‘smart' features that help you with the operations. Some of the interesting features you can find in the latest digital recorders are voice activation, which stops recording automatically whenever there is a long pause, or the cue/review feature that make it easier for you to find a particular recording part you want to play back. It can also have a LCD screen for better operations. Some of the latest voice recorders also include software, which helps in converting the audio in a text file helping you with the transcription. Look for connectivity Like any other latest gadget the digital recorders are equipped with USB interface for PC connectivity. It helps a lot in transfer of files from the recorder to PC and vice versa.

Ten Big Reasons To Give Linux Operating System A Try

1. It Doesn't Crash Linux has been time-proven to be a reliable operating system. Although the desktop is not a new place for Linux, most Linux-based systems have been used as servers and embedded systems. High-visibility Web sites such as Google use Linux-based systems, but you also can find Linux inside the TiVo set-top box in many livingrooms. Linux has proved to be so reliable and secure that it is commonly found in dedicated firewall and router systems used by high-profile companies to secure their networks. For more than ten years, it has not been uncommon for Linux systems to run for months or years without needing a single reboot. 2. Viruses Are Few and Far Between Although it is possible to create a virus to target Linux systems, the design of the system itself makes it very difficult to become infected. A single user could cause local damage to his or her files by running a virus on his or her system; however, this would be an isolated instance rather than something could spread out of control. In addition, virtually all Linux vendors offer free on-line security updates. The general philosophy of the Linux community has been to address possible security issues before they become a problem rather than hoping the susceptibility will go unnoticed. 3. Virtually Hardware-Independent Linux was designed and written to be easily portable to different hardware. For the desktop user, this means that Linux has been and likely always will be the first operating system to take advantage of advances in hardware technology such as AMD's 64-bit processor chips. 4. Freedom of Choice Linux offers freedom of choice as far as which manufacturer you purchase the software from as well as which application programs you wish to use. Being able to pick the manufacturer means you have a real choice as far as type of support you receive. Being open-source software, new manufacturers can enter the market to address customer needs. Choice of application programs means that you can select the tools that best address your needs. For example, three popular word processors are available. All three are free and interoperate with Microsoft Word, but each offers unique advantages and disadvantages. The same is true of Web browsers. 5. Standards Linux itself and many common applications follow open standards. This means an update on one system will not make other systems obsolete. 6. Applications, Applications, Applications Each Linux distribution comes with hundreds and possibly thousands of application programs included. This alone can save you thousands of dollars for each desktop system you configure. Although this is a very small subset, consider that the OpenOffice.org office suite is included as well as the GIMP, a program similar to (and many people say more capable than Adobe Photoshop); Scribus, a document layout program similar to Quark Xpress; Evolution, an e-mail system equivalent to Microsoft's Outlook Express; and hundreds more. For the more technically inclined, development tools, such as compilers for the C, C++, Ada, Fortran, Pascal and other languages, are included as well as Perl, PHP and Python interpreters. Editors and versioning tools also are included in this category. Whether you are looking for Instant Messaging clients, backup tools or Web site development packages, they likely are all included within your base Linux distribution. 7. Interoperability More and more computers are being connected to networks. No system would be complete if it did not include tools to allow it to interoperate with computers running other operating systems. Once again, Linux is very strong in this area. Linux includes Samba, software that allows Linux to act as a client on a Microsoft Windows-based network. In fact, Samba includes server facilities such that you could run a Linux system as the server for a group of Linux and Windows-based client systems. In addition, Linux includes software to network with Apple networks and Novell's Netware. NFS, the networking technology developed on UNIX systems also is included. 8. It's a Community Relationship, Not a Customer Relationship Other operating systems are the products of single vendors. Linux, on the other hand, is openly developed, and this technology is shared among vendors. This means you become part of a community rather than a customer of a single manufacturer. Also, the supplier community easily can adjust to the needs of various user communities rather than spouting a "one size fits all" philosophy. This means you can select a Linux vendor that appears to best address your needs and feel confident that you could switch vendors at a later time without losing your investment--both in terms of costs and learning. 9. It's Not How Big Your Processor Is... Because of a combination of the internal design of Linux and development contributions from a diverse community, Linux tends to be more frugal in the use of computer resources. This may manifest itself in a single desktop system running faster with Linux than with another operating system, but the advantages go far beyond that. It is possible, for example, to configure a single Linux system to act as a terminal server and then use outdated hardware as what are called thin clients. This server/thin client configuration makes it possible for older, less powerful hardware to share the resources of a single powerful system thus extending the life of older machines. 10. Linux Is Configurable Linux is a true multi-user operating system. Each user can have his or her own individual configuration all on one computer. This includes the look of the desktop, what icons are displayed, what programs are started automatically when the user logs in and even what language the desktop is in. And lastly no Bill schmendrick character telling you what you can and cannot do.

Monday, February 13, 2012

Don't Get Locked Out Of Your Email Account Save Passwords With A Password Manager

Disaster strikes computer users in many ways, but the one that can be prevented the most are lockouts because of not remembering passwords to a account. Email accounts, membership accounts and even paypal and bank accounts we all need good passwords that will keep us protected but the problem is we can not remember all of them,well there is a solution to the problem its installing a password manager,a password manager is a piece of software that is installed on your computer and saves your passwords in a encrypted safe form that knowone else can read or open your software even on a program like Keepass Password Safe witch is free. Another popular program that saves passwords and log in forms is Roboform this program has a $30 price tag for its unlimited version. Other ways to keep from getting locked out of accounts is putting a secondary email address in the preferences of all your email accounts or member accounts this will let them contact you when there is a problem. Keepass password Safe will let you even do a printout of your accounts including passwords and all other info that you can keep in a secure location in case of disaster.

Monday, February 6, 2012

How To Tips When Making Your Own Video

There was a time when the internet was used only for research. As the popularity of the internet grew, so did the way that it was used. Today, millions, in fact billions, of individuals rely on the internet for entertainment. If you are one of those individuals, there is a good chance that you have heard of YouTube before. YouTube is an online video website that allows website visitors to view homemade videos and much more, but that is not all that you can do with YouTube. If you wish, you could also make and share your own video. Making your own video? That sounds like fun doesn’t it? A large number of internet users, ones of all different ages, are making the decision to make their own videos. Many of these videos are used to share information with others, showcase a favorite scene from one of their favorite television shows, express their beliefs, or just make a comedy video. If you are interested in making your own video, whatever the purpose of that video is, you are advised to start thinking about video ideas. Start thinking about video ideas? Yes. That is what you will need to do. Unfortunately, too many individuals read too much into making online videos. This does not necessarily involve their video content, but how the video will be made and uploaded to the system. If you are planning on making a video for YouTube, you can relax and worry about other things. This is because the uploading process, used by YouTube, is probably one of the easiest one that you will find online. Of course, the first step will be to make your video. To do this, you will need a standard video recording device. These devices most commonly include camcorders and webcams. As previously mentioned, you can make just about any type of video that you want. However, it is important to remember that your video will be seen by thousands of internet users, at the least. Make sure your video will be appropriate. If you plan on putting any graphic materials or foul language in your video it may be a good idea to make note of it in the video’s title. Later on, you should be able to make this title. When making your video, it is also important to note that YouTube has a number of limitations. Those limitations include the length of your video and the size of your video’s file. YouTube currently requires that your video be no more than ten minutes in length. It is also required that your videos be less than 100MB, in size. However, aside from their other rules, stipulated in their terms of use agreement, there are no other restrictions. This means that you can create as many videos as you want to. In fact, if you would like to make a video that is longer than ten minutes, you can do so by making it a two part video. With YouTube, you must be able to save your video using a moving making software program. There are a number of different programs that you can use, such as MovieMaker and IMovie. These programs can easily be obtained, but most computers, especially newer ones, already have the software programs installed. Once you open your video on your computer, with one of the previously mentioned software programs, you should be able to edit and save your video. Of course, you do not have to edit if, if you do not want to. To upload your video to YouTube, you must first sign up to be a member, if you haven’t already. It is free to sign up for a membership. The signup process is just used to attach your information to your videos and keep track of all of them, especially if you decide to upload more than one. Once you signup for YouTube, you should see an option that will allow you to create or upload your own videos. You will need to follow those directions. Depending on the type of internet connection your have, your videos could be uploaded and ready for viewing in as little as a few minutes.

Internet Video Websites: Many Alternative Choices

Internet Video Websites: Many Alternative Choices When you think of online video websites, which websites come to mind? There is a good chance that you responded with Google Video or YouTube. Google Video and YouTube are known as two of the most popular online video websites. Although they are great sites to use, they are not the only sites that are available. If you are looking for other alternatives, you will find that you have a number of different options. If you are looking for alternatives to Google Video or YouTube, you are advised to perform a standard internet search. Perhaps, a standard internet search is the best way to find other online video websites. In addition to being linked to those websites, you may also find online discussions that are centered on online video websites. If you have the time to read these discussions, you are advised to. They may help to give you an idea as to which online video websites are worth your time and which ones are not. As previously mentioned, you should be able to find a number of different online video websites by performing a standard internet search. Your search results will likely include Vimeo. Vimeo is an online video website that is well known throughout the internet community. With Vimeo you can easily view a collection of different online videos. While their program is free to use, it is still advised that you register with them. Registration will make it easier for you to search for and find the videos that you want to watch. In addition to watching videos, you can also create, upload, and share your own. Another online video website that you will likely come across is ClipShack. ClipShack is another popular online video website. In a way, their website is similar to YouTube’s, which makes the website each to use and navigate. When at ClipShack’s website, you can view a large collection of videos, free of charge. As with most other online video websites, ClipShack allows you to upload and share your own videos. Sharkle is another online video website that you can use for free. On their website, you will find a collection of online videos, similar to the ones that can be found on YouTube or Google Video. With Sharkle, you can watch a number of different videos without having to register, but registering will grant you access to other member benefits. These benefits include the ability to rate and leave comments for videos that you have watched, as well as upload your own. As you can easily see, Google Video and YouTube are not your only options when it comes to watching online videos. In addition to Sharkle, ClipShack, and Vimeo, you should be able to find a number of other online movie websites. Many online websites post videos on a wide range of different topics, subjects, and issues. If you were looking for online video websites with a particular theme, you should be able to find them online. You may need to alter your search phrase, but it is possible to find them. Popular online video websites exist for those who love pets, follow a particular religion, or love politics. The features and services offered by each online video website will vary; depending on the sites own rules and restrictions. Although you may be unable to create, upload, and share your own videos, you should be able to watch online videos on a wide variety of different websites, including the ones mentioned above.

Saturday, February 4, 2012

Give Your PC Mouse a Rest Use Keyboard Shortcuts

When I observe most colleagues and friends working on their PC's they mostly use the mouse as they are unaware of the powerful Windows keyboard shortcuts that will make their lives so much easier. Some people might be aware of the keyboard shortcuts, but they are used to be working mostly with the mouse and old habits are hard to let go. In this article I will take things step by step so you can learn the keyboard shortcuts that are required to navigate your way around the Windows operating system. Let’s assume your machine is starting up and due to a faulty mouse or some other related problem your system cannot be accessed with the mouse. A user that is not using keyboard shortcuts on a regular basis will be completely lost. Ok it’s relatively cheap to replace the mouse, but what if you had to quickly perform a task that cannot wait until a new mouse is acquired or the problem is fixed? Navigating the Start Menu in Windows XP I will firstly explain how to launch an application without the use of the mouse and instead use keyboard shortcuts. Immediately after system startup if you are required to log in, type out your password and press the Enter key. Once the system have fully initialized you will be presented with the Windows Desktop. As an example we will launch Notepad. Follow the steps exactly as explained below: Press Ctrl and Esc to show the Start menu or press the Windows Logo key. Now press the Up Arrow until you can see the selection rectangle moving upwards in the Start menu. Once the selection rectangle enters the Start menu press the Left Arrow to move to the left section of the Start menu. Then press the Down Arrow until "All Programs" is selected. Press the Right Arrow to expand the "All Programs" menu. Press the Down Arrow until "Accessories" is selected. Press the Right Arrow to expand the accessories menu. Now press the Down Arrow until the Notepad menu item is selected and the press Enter. This will cause the Notepad application to launch. Armed with this basic keyboard shortcut knowledge you will be able to launch any application without the use of the mouse. Moving Around the Desktop Frequently users place icons on the desktop to quickly access some application, files or folders they regularly use. What now if the mouse packs up and you have to get to that file? Here is how to make use of the Windows keyboard shortcuts to get that done: Depending on the current situation different steps might be required so keep in mind that you do not have to do all the steps. Press the Windows Logo key and M simultaneously to minimize all Windows. Press Ctrl and Esc simultaneously and then press Esc again. (Only required under certain conditions so you might only need to perform this step if you do not get the desired results from the step below). Press the Tab key and release it. Keep on pressing and releasing it until you see a "focus rectangle" surrounding one of the icons on the desktop. If there are a lot of icons on the desktop you might need to look carefully if any receives the focus indicated by the focus rectangle. Also occasionally use the arrow keys to see if you can move between different icons if it is difficult to notice the icon with the focus rectangle. Normally the focus will move between the Windows Taskbar and the last icon that had the focus (being selected) on the desktop when the Tab key is pressed. Once you got the "focus rectangle" on any icon on the desktop it is just a matter of moving to the icon of your choice using the arrow keys. When the required icon got the focus or is selected press the Enter key to open the file, folder or launch a program. Working with Windows Our next step in this Windows keyboard shortcuts article is to manipulate windows in the context of minimizing, maximizing, moving and closing them. To minimize the currently active window press Alt and Spacebar. The Control Menu for the window will appear. Now press N to minimize the window. To maximize or get a window to its restored state when it is minimized to the Windows Taskbar hold down Alt and then press and release the Tab key until the desired window is selected. When the window of choice is selected also release the Alt key which will ensure that the window will either be maximized or restored depending on its previous state. If you want to maximize a window from its restored state press Alt and Spacebar. After the Control Menu appears press X to maximize the window. To restore an maximized window press Alt and Spacebar. When the Control Menu appear press R to get the window from its maximized to restored state. To move a window press Alt and Spacebar. When the Control Menu appear press M. Now use the arrow keys to move the window to the desired location and press the Enter key to round of this operation. When you want to re-size a window press Alt and Spacebar. When the Control Menu appear press S. Now press the arrow keys depending on which side you want to size the window from. Right will take you to the right edge of the window for sizing and the Down arrow will take you to the bottom right corner for sizing purposes. When pressing the left key first you will be taking to the window left border to carry out sizing from that side. Once you have selected your sizing location by pressing the left or right arrows and up or down arrows do the sizing by using any of the arrow keys. When finished press Enter to complete this operation. Pressing the Esc key will leave the original size of the window intact. To close the currently active window press Alt and F4 or press Alt and Spacebar, then press C. General Use Windows Keyboard Shortcuts Take note that the WINDOWS key is the Windows Logo key on the keyboard. ALT+TAB Display list of open programs and switch to next program.
(Press TAB again to advance to the following program). ALT+SHIFT+TAB Display list of open programs and switch to previous program.
(Press TAB again to select the pervious program). WINDOWS or CTRL+ESC Displays the Windows Start Menu. WINDOWS+E Open My Computer. WINDOWS+D Toggle between Show Desktop and Show Open Windows. WINDOWS+M Minimize All Windows. F2 Rename selected folder, file or shortcut. CTRL+N Create a New document for the active application. CTRL+O Display the Open dialog box of the active application. CTRL+S Save the current document of the active application. CTRL+P Print the current document of the active application. CTRL+A Select All content of the current document. CTRL+X Cut the selected text or object. CTRL+C Copy the selected text or object. CTRL+V Paste contents of clipboard into active document. CTRL+Z Undo the last operation. CTRL+Y Redo the last Undo operation. CTRL+B Make selected text bold or remove bold formatting. CTRL+U Underline the selected text or remove underline. CTRL+I Make selected text italic or remove italic formatting. CTRL+F Displays the Find dialog box. CTRL+H Displays the Replace dialog box.

Thursday, February 2, 2012

Web Surfing Bookmark Managers

The rapid development of the World Wide Web in recent years has led to an explosive growth of information on the Internet. Our contemporary lifestyle would be unimaginable without access to such a super-abundant cornucopia of valuable information and web surfing has now become an everyday occupation for even the most diverse sections of society. This rapid expansion of web resources raises some new issues for all of us. How could you possibly remember; after a long search, the address of that crucial web page? How will you be able to return to the page without repeating a tedious web search through hundreds and thousands of pages? The answer is obvious, you need a program that will allow you to easily create and manage a database of web resources. Of course, this database must be quick, intuitive and convenient to use. One way to resolve this problem is to use your web browser's bookmarks feature. Bookmarks are a popular term for the lists of web page links stored in web browsers, although they are called 'Favorites' in Internet Explorer. These web browser bookmark systems have some severe limitations. For example, each bookmark list will only be compatible with a specific web browser. If you use several different web browsers you will have to manage the bookmark system in each one. Web browser bookmark lists may become cumbersome to use when your bookmark list grows beyond a few items. Important features missing from web browser bookmark systems include: - Powerful search functions; - Synchronization of bookmarks between different computers; - Detection and automatic deletion of duplicate bookmarks; - Checks for availability of bookmarked web pages. Specialist programs and web services that store and organize bookmarks are now available and they offer a comprehensive solution to these problems. They are called bookmark managers or bookmark organizers (in this article both terms have the same meaning). The difference between online (web-based) bookmark managers and standalone bookmark managers is in the location of the stored bookmark database and in the way that the database is accessed. Web services called 'online bookmark managers' store the user's bookmarks on their remote servers and their bookmarks may be accessed from any browser. A standalone bookmark organizer is simply a program which runs on your local computer. It stores the bookmark database on a hard disk and allows access through its own built-in interface. Here are some examples of web-based bookmark managers: iKeepBookmarks.com - http://www.ikeepbookmarks.com LinkaGoGo - http://www.linkagogo.com Murl - http://murl.com Xmarks- http://xmarks.com You can find more links to online bookmark managers here: http://dmoz.org/Computers/Internet/On_the_Web/Web_Applications/Bookmark_Managers/ Bookmark management software can be found here: Link Commander - http://www.resortlabs.com/bookmark-manager/linkcommander.php Linkman - http://www.outertech.com/index.php?_charisma_page=product&id=5 Powermarks - http://www.kaylon.com/power.html Any software catalog will contain plenty of links to bookmark managers. For example: http://www.snapfiles.com/shareware/misctools/swurlorg.html Offline and online bookmark managers each have relative advantages and disadvantages due to their differing methods of database storage and access. An online bookmark manager does not depend on any particular computer. If you have an Internet connection you can access your bookmarks from any computer in the world. You don't need to synchronize the bookmarks on your home/work PC or notebook because they will all access the same bookmarks database. With an online bookmark manager you can access your bookmarks even when you are in an Internet cafe! Another advantage is that most of them are free. They will cost you time, though, because you access your bookmarks via an Internet connection. More importantly, most of the web interfaces are not as convenient as software based bookmark managers and don't have so many useful features. For example, they can't search for and delete duplicate database items. Here are some of the other potential disadvantages of using online bookmark managers: 1) You risk losing all your bookmarks if, for some reason, the web service closes down. 2) There is a danger of unauthorized access to your private bookmarks because your bookmark manager server may not be secure against hackers. The advantages and disadvantages of offline bookmark managers are almost exactly opposite to those of online bookmark managers and will be discussed next. Any offline bookmark manager is tied to the computer on which it is installed. It stores your bookmarks in a database (which usually has its own proprietary format) that is located on one of the hard drives. To use your bookmarks on several computers you will need to install the program on each computer and find a way to synchronize the bookmark databases. Most of the currently available bookmark organizers do have a database synchronization feature. Also, there are now devices with high data transfer speeds (e.g. flash drives) that can store an independent bookmark database and allow it to be shared between several computers. Another disadvantage of bookmark manager software is the price. There are some free programs out there, but they don't have a great number of features and technical support is often weak or unavailable. The programs that require payment are inexpensive, though, usually costing from $20 to $40. The user licenses of such programs will normally allow you to install the programs on all of your computers. In my opinion, the disadvantages of standalone bookmark managers are minimal compared to their advantages. The location of both the program and database on the same computer guarantees you fast access to your bookmarks and high security from hacker attacks. The convenience of the program interface and the number of useful features are limited only by the power of the computer and the skills of developers. So, how should you organize your bookmarks? Should you use an online or offline bookmark manager? I don't think there is a definite answer. It all depends on your preferences and working habits. If mobility is your priority, if you travel often and wish to access your bookmarks no matter where you are and from any computer, then you should consider an online bookmark manager. If speed, ease of use, security and functionality is most important to you then an offline bookmark manager might be a better choice.